Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

With Electric Vehicles (EVs) becoming more popular, it's important to understand the different types available. Here are some of the most common ones:

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

BEVs are fully electric and don't use a gasoline engine. Instead, they run solely on a rechargeable battery pack. Because they don't produce tailpipe emissions, they're considered zero-emission vehicles.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

HEVs use both a gasoline engine and an electric motor. They can recharge their battery through regenerative braking, which captures energy that would normally be lost as heat during braking. This stored energy can then be used to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

PHEVs are similar to HEVs, but with a larger battery and the ability to plug into the grid for charging. They can travel for several dozen miles on electric power alone before the gasoline engine takes over. Once the electric range is depleted, PHEVs operate like traditional hybrids and can run on gasoline.